NAMS 2012 Workshops
Membrane Gas Separations
Saturday, June 9, 2012
Benny Freeman, University of Texas at Austin, firstname.lastname@example.org
Glenn Lipscomb, The University of Toledo, email@example.com
Tim Merkel, MTR Inc., firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: This workshop will cover the entire spectrum of membrane-based gas and vapor separations: from the materials science of gas separation membranes and the fundamentals of membrane transport to the design and economics of industrial gas separation applications. This workshop should be of interest to membrane researchers as well as membrane practitioners.
- Materials: Freeman, 8-10:45 AM
- Material science of gas separation membranes and transport mechanisms
- Modules: Lipscomb, 10:45-12 and 1-2:30 PM
- Module Manufacture (patent review)
- Scroll/spiral wound module formation
- Fiber bundle/tubesheet formation and types
- Header and case design
- Module Performance
- Basic design equations for gas separations
- Hollow fiber versus spiral wound
- Module inefficiencies: fiber size/property variation & poor shell flow distribution
- Novel designs
- Applications: Merkel, 2:30- 5:15 PM
- Basics of Gas Separation System Design
- Pressure ratio
- Multi-step and multi-stage configurations
- Gas Separation Industry: History and Overview
- Air Separation
- Nitrogen - enriched Air
- Oxygen - enriched Air
- Hydrogen Separation
- Natural Gas Separation
- Acid Gas Removal
- Nitrogen Removal
- NGL Recovery/Fuel Conditioning
- VOC Removal/Recovery
- Emerging Applications
- Future Developments/Directions: ALL
Measurement Methods for Membranes
Saturday, June 9, 2012
John Pellegrino, University of Colorado at Boulder, email@example.com
Ruth Baltus, Clarkson University, firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: This workshop provides an overview of the entire field of membrane science, technology, and applications through measurements, and is therefore an excellent resource for novices with a technical background, as well as, seasoned veterans interested in broadening their scope (or having a refresher.) The workshop will provide a survey of the various physical and chemical properties of membranes (and membrane process characteristics) that are measured, and the equipment (instruments) and techniques used, along with their underlying principles. A mixture of classical, novel, and resource-intensive techniques are included.
- Introduction to membranes: review of membrane types and structures; goals of measurements; broad perspective on trade-offs and opportunities in characterization
- Overview of transport processes and figures-of-merit: flux, selectivity, rejection, sieving coefficient; simple geometric membrane models
- Membrane materials and polymers; density and fractional free volume; thermal and mechanical analysis - differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic mechanical analysis, thermal relaxation, nanoindentation; dielectric relaxation
- Metrology basics: metrology basics and uncertainty; measuring density-pyncnometry; solubility-sorption pyncnometry, gravimetric, SAW, QCM, TGA, calorimetry
- Gas and vapor systems: measuring time lag for permeation; mass spectrometry-transient permeation
- Liquid systems testing: calibrations; permeation; species fractionation; integrity
- Surface and chemical measurements: surface energy and charge; FTIR; surface chemical analysis - XPS, Auger, SIMS, RAMAN, NMR, MRI, MALDI-TOF
- Visualization and scattering: SEM, TEM, optical, NSOM, CLSM, AFM; WAXD; SAXS; SANS; PALS
- Other topics and motivations: (for example, ultrasonics, electrochemical, TIRF, etc.)
Emerging Membrane Materials and Manufacturing Methods
Sunday, June 10, 2012
Bruce Hinds, University of Kentucky, email@example.com
Suzana Nunes, KAUST, firstname.lastname@example.org
Klaus-Viktor Peinemann, KAUST, email@example.com
Abstract: This workshop will focus on emerging new membrane materials (polymeric and inorganic/organic hybrids). The workshop will not present state-of-the-art techniques for membrane fabrication. Recent developments will be presented and their potential for future industrial applications will be discussed. Topics include: membrane manufacturing by molecular self- assembly of block copolymers and other components, preparation of isoporous membranes, carbon nanotubes as selective membrane channels, nanostructured mixed matrix membranes for gas and liquid separation, recent developments in the field of reverse and forward osmosis membranes, _stimuli responsive membrane materials, membranes for controlled drug release, tailoring and properties of multicomponent membranes, The most important recent patents in these fields will be reviewed.
Klaus-V. Peinemann has more than 25 years academic and industrial experience in the field of membrane materials and application. He was head of the department of Membrane Development at GKSS, Germany, coordinating a number of European projects in this field. He is co-founder of GMT Membrantechnik GmbH, one the few European companies developing and producing gas separation membranes. Klaus-V. Peinemann served as President of the European Membrane Society, he organised or coorganised 15 international workshops on membrane preparation. Since many years he is honorary Professor at the Leibniz University of Hannover on membranes for medical applications and he is currently Principal Scientist at the Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Center at KAUST, Saudi Arabia
Suzana P. Nunes is Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). Her research group is part of the Water Desalination and Reuse Center at KAUST. She has been working on membrane science for more than 25 years, mainly in the Helmholtz Research Center in Germany, where she coordinated European and National projects in the field of Membranes for Energy (fuel cell, hydrogen and CO2 separations). Her current research topics are membrane manufacture by polymer self-assembly, membranes for nanofiltration, membrane distillation and other water applications as well as morphological characterization (For details see http//:npm.kaust.edu.sa).
Bruce Hinds is Associate Professor at the University of Kentucky. The focus of the Hind's group research program is to fabricate functional materials at the nanometer scale. Bruce Hinds is a pioneer in carbon nanotube based membranes. He will present the state-of-the art of CNT-based membrane research and he will discuss the future perspectives.
Polymeric and Inorganic Membrane Materials and Membrane Formation
Sunday, June 10, 2012
Hendrik Verweij, The Ohio State University, firstname.lastname@example.org
Maria R. Coleman, The University of Toledo, email@example.com
Abstract: This workshop includes synthesis and properties of polymeric and inorganic membranes.
- Inorganic Membranes: Henk Verweij
The inorganic membrane portion covers synthesis methods for and basic properties of inorganic membranes. Synthesis methods, including slip- casting, sol-gel, chemical vapor or liquid deposition, and solid state reaction for fabrication of various types of inorganic membranes.
- Polymeric Membranes: Maria R. Coleman
The polymer membrane portion will provide an overview on material selection and fabrication techniques for production of polymeric membranes. The structures and separation properties of a variety of membranes for microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, gas separation will be presented. If workshop facilities allow, there will be a practical demonstration of membrane casting as well as opportunities to participate. It will include the following topics:
- Material Selection:
Basic principles of polymer science, transport mechanisms in polymers, material selection for different membrane separation processes, membranesstructure/property relationships. Additional topics will include mixed matrix membranes and next generation membrane materials.
- Formation of Polymer Membranes by Phase Separation:
Immersion precipitation, thermally- induced phase separation process, microporous membranes, dense, thin-skinned asymmetric membranes.
- Formation of Thin-Film Composite Membranes:
Solution coating processes, interfacial composite membranes, multilayer composites.
- Membrane Modifications:
Methodology for surface and bulk modification by chemical and plasma techniques.